Corrective Shoes for Common Foot Problems
Even though orthopedic shoes share some qualities such as breathable material, there are a host of unique problems that consumers suffer and an equal amount of shoe modifications to accommodate them. It is important to note that although some inserts and surgeries are available to help permanently correct the feet, most corrective shoes are meant to enhance mobility. Below are some of the most common types of corrective shoes.
A person with flat feet has a small or nonexistent arch. This shape makes it painful to stand on the feet for a long period of time and often causes a person to experience fatigue in their feet and legs more quickly than someone with a normal arch. Although exercise can be good for the muscles and tendons in the foot, in extreme cases or in certain situations corrective shoes may be necessary.
A common type of shoe is called a Thomas Heel which provides an artificial arch of varying size to supplement the inadequate arch of the consumer. Scaphoid pads provide support to people with the unique problem of flexible flat feet, a condition in which an arch appears when a person is off his feet but flattens when he is standing.
An issue that more seriously affects a persons mobility is something commonly called pigeon feet, a condition in which the toes are either inverted or pointing outward to varying degrees. Lasts are the most commonly used corrective shoes for this problem. Reverse Lasts manually help move the feet into the correct position over several months of wearing. Straight Lasts simply hold the feet in a position that allows unhindered walking.
There are also several problems with the heel in many people experiencing orthopedic problems. One of the common problems involves a low heel. A wedge is often used to balance out the heel with the rest of the body. Heel flares are used to help the foot strike the ground properly due to a number of balance and shape problems without affecting the neutral standing position.
These are often used along with SACH (solid-ankle cushion-heel) heels which reduce the shock to your heels when walking and compensates for lack of ankle flexibility.
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